253.777.0763    Get SUPPORT

Understanding the New NIST Guidelines for Password Security

Understanding the New NIST Guidelines for Password Security

The National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) has released Special Publication 800-63B, titled Digital Identity Guidelines. The document outlines major changes to the ways password security should be approached and leaves a lot of what network administrators and software developers have implemented recently to be wrong Today, we’ll take a look at the publication, and try to make sense of the sudden change of course.

NIST is a non-regulatory federal agency that works under the umbrella of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Its mission is to promote U.S. innovation and competitiveness by advancing a uniform measurement standard. Many NIST guidelines become the foundation for best practices in data security. As a result, any publication they produce having to do with cyber or network security should be considered.

A Look at SP 800-63B
The newest password guidelines are a swift about-face in strategy as compared to previous NIST suggestions. Instead of a strategy of ensuring that all passwords meet some type of arbitrary complexity requirements, the new strategy is to create passwords that are easier and more intuitive. Here are some of the highlights:

  • Passwords should be compared to dictionaries and commonly-used passwords
  • Eliminate or reduce complexity rules for passwords
  • All printable characters allowed, including spaces
  • Expiration of passwords no longer based on time password has been in use
  • Maximum length increased to 64 characters.

Basically, the new guidelines recommend longer passphrases to the complex passwords as they are hard for people to remember, and even with complexity rules in place, it was becoming increasingly easy for algorithms to crack passwords (seen in the comic strip below).

ib nist cartoon 1

As stated before, NIST is not a regulatory organization, but federal agencies and contractors use NIST’s information in order to set up secure computing environments in which to display, store, and share sensitive unclassified information.

In making these changes to password strategy, NIST is now considering the fact that many industry professionals knew: a password you can’t remember may be secure, but if it’s so secure that you have to rely on third-party software to utilize it, it’s not really that effective at mitigating risk. NIST now looks at the passphrase strategy, along with two-factor authentication as the go-to risk management strategy. SMS-based two-factor authentication was not mentioned in the final report but has come under scrutiny as it has contributed to multiple hacks in recent times.

The NIST also explicitly commands that network administrators be mindful to forbid commonly used passwords; effectively creating a blacklist of passwords. The new guidelines also suggest that users shouldn’t be using the password hints or knowledge-based authentication options; a common practice among banking and FinTech applications to this day. We’ll see if there is a strategic alteration in these companies’ practices as the new NIST guidelines become best practices.

If you are looking for more information about best password practices and data security, the IT experts at Graemouse Technologies are here to help. Call us today at 253.777.0763 to have your password strategy assessed by the professionals.

Comic by XKCD.

Cryptomining is Inspiring Cybercrime
Know Your Tech: CMS


No comments made yet. Be the first to submit a comment
Already Registered? Login Here
Sunday, July 22 2018
If you'd like to register, please fill in the username, password and name fields.

Captcha Image

Mobile? Grab this Article!

QR-Code dieser Seite

Tag Cloud

How To Data Recovery Microsoft Office Cloud Computing Keyboard Data Security Technology FCC Upgrade Computers IT Plan Productivity Applications Communications Managed Service Provider Servers Business Computing User Error Social Engineering Identity Theft HVAC Safe Mode Marketing HIPAA Gadgets Outlook Google Docs Cybercrime Email Operating System Data Android Private Cloud Addiction Best Practices Small Business Word NIST Devices Password Manager Office 365 webinar Flash Miscellaneous Software Malware FENG Legal Vulnerability Network Wi-Fi Microsoft Managing Stress Save Money Human Resources Hosted Computing Criminal Current Events Smartphones Spam Privacy Digital Signature Computer Fan Hardware Travel Software Tips Netflix Windows 10 Business Intelligence Mobile Devices Tech Term Botnet Downtime Advertising Networking Credit Cards Backup Public Cloud Google Drive Workers Data Breach User Tips Passwords Router Facebook Windows 7 Data Storage Content Management Efficiency VPN Business OneNote Money VoIP Blockchain Business Continuity Value Apps Excel Cortana Holiday Cast Communication Comparison BYOD Saving Money Health Entertainment Specifications Start Menu Spam Blocking Automation Tip of the Week Evernote Hosted Solutions IT Services Data Protection Productivity Electronic Medical Records Employer-Employee Relationship Voice over Internet Protocol Hackers Social Media Avoiding Downtime Title II Root Cause Analysis Internet exploMicrosoft Security Cache IT Management App Password Data Backup Virtualization BDR Internet of Things Network Security Server CES Website Emergency Cryptocurrency Mobile Device Management Innovation Smartphone Inventory Practices Redundancy Two-factor Authentication eWaste Connectivity Phishing Internet Smart Office Alert Google Document Management Budget Government Meetings Windows 10 Update Business Management Skype The Internet of Things Screen Mirroring Infrastructure Bring Your Own Device Smart Tech Windows 10s Ransomware Remote Monitoring Paperless Office Online Shopping Browser Tools Chrome Frequently Asked Questions Artificial Intelligence Cybersecurity Wireless Internet IT Support Managed IT Services Data Management Encryption Collaboration Net Neutrality Cloud Windows Managed IT Unsupported Software Big Data Knowledge Bandwidth Managed IT Services Outsourced IT Charger Computer Telephone Systems Law Enforcement

Newsletter Sign Up